Classification of Rotylenchulus reniformis Numbers in Cotton Using Remotely Sensed Hyperspectral Data on Self-Organizing Maps
AbstractRotylenchulus reniformis is one of the major nematode pests capable of reducing cotton yields by more than 60%, causing estimated losses that may exceed millions of dollars U.S. Therefore, early detection of nematode numbers is necessary to reduce these losses. This study investigates the feasibility of using remotely sensed hyperspectral data (reflectances) of cotton plants affected with different nematode population numbers with self-organizing maps (SOM) in correlating and classifying nematode population numbers extant in a plant’s rhizosphere. The hyperspectral reflectances were classified into three classes based on R. renifomis population numbers present in plant’s rhizosphere. Hyperspectral data (350-2500 nm) were also sub-divided into Visible, Red Edge + Near Infrared (NIR) and Mid-IR region to determine the sub-region most effective in spectrally classifying the nematode population numbers. Various combinations of different feature extraction and dimensionality reduction methods were applied in different regions to extract reduced sets of features. These features were then classified using a supervised-SOM classification method. Our results suggest that the overall classification accuracies, in general, for most methods in most regions (except visible region) varied from 60% to 80%, thereby, indicating a positive correlation between the nematode numbers present in plant’s rhizosphere and the corresponding plant’s hyperspectral signatures. Results showed that classification accuracies in the Mid-IR region were comparable to the accuracies obtained in other sub-regions. Finally, based on our findings, the use of remotely-sensed hyperspectral data with SOM could prove to be extremely time efficient in detecting nematode numbers present in the soil.
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