The Florida Journal of Educational Research (FJER) is published by the Florida Educational Research Association (FERA). The purpose of FJER is to facilitate communication among educators, policy-makers, and researchers in the state of Florida and beyond. Although the Journal is the primary publication of FERA, manuscripts submitted by both members and nonmembers of the association will be considered for publication. FJER has been published since 1959, originally as a print journal distributed to all members of FERA. In 1996, the journal began to publish online articles and is now exclusively published online as an open-access academic journal. FJER publishes original research, literature reviews, implementation and evaluation studies, and theoretical, conceptual, and policy papers that contribute to our understanding of the issues, problems, and research associated with educational environments. Articles for consideration should report the results of research conducted in Florida or address issues important to the Florida education research community. Articles for consideration do not have to originate from the state of Florida.