Lianas and Hemiepiphytes: Distribution, Development, and Adaptations


growth strategy
plant architecture
taxonomic distribution

How to Cite

Prósperi, J., Caballé, G., & Caraglio, Y. (2001). Lianas and Hemiepiphytes: Distribution, Development, and Adaptations. Selbyana, 22(2), 197–212. Retrieved from


Although poorly known and often neglected life forms, lianas and hemiepiphytes are frequently found in tropical canopies. Lianas (such as rattans) and hemiepiphytes (such as Ficus) are specialized life forms of the canopy that share a number of similarities, including spatial conditions and the requirement of a host plant. To better understand the biology of lianas and hemiepiphytes, the authors, during a 15-year period (1985-2000), collected data to compare several aspects of these two groups: geographic and taxonomic repartition, seedling and establishment phases, architectural development, and vegetative propagation. Considering the prevalence of lianas and hemiepiphytes in tropical canopies, the authors discuss the response of these plants to environmental conditions and speculate on their role in forest dynamics.


Open Access and Copyright Notice


Selbyana is committed to real and immediate open access for academic work. All of Selbyana's articles and reviews are free to access immediately upon publication. There are no author charges (APCs) prior to publication, and no charges for readers to download articles and reviews for their own scholarly use.  To facilitate this, Selbyana depends on the financial backing of the Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, the hard work and dedication of its editorial team and advisory board, and the continuing support of its network of peer reviewers and partner institutions.

Authors are free to choose which open license they would like to use for their work. Our default license is the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0). While Selbyana’s articles can be copied by anyone for noncommercial purposes if proper credit is given, all materials are published under an open-access license with authors retaining full and permanent ownership of their work. The author grants Selbyana a perpetual, non-exclusive right to publish the work and to include it in other aggregations and indexes to achieve broader impact and visibility.

Authors are responsible for and required to ascertain that they are in possession of image rights for any and all photographs, illustrations, and figures included in their work or to obtain publication or reproduction rights from the rights holders. Contents of the journal will be registered with the Directory of Open Access Journals and similar repositories. Authors are encouraged to store their work elsewhere, for instance in institutional repositories or personal websites, including commercial sites such as, to increase circulation (see The Effects of Open Access).