Flower Biology of Six Cultivars of the Bromeliaceae I. Pollen, Pistil, and Petal Appendages


petal appendages

How to Cite

Vervaeke, I., Parton, E., Deroose, R., & de Proft, M. (2003). Flower Biology of Six Cultivars of the Bromeliaceae I. Pollen, Pistil, and Petal Appendages. Selbyana, 24(1), 78–86. Retrieved from https://ojs.test.flvc.org/selbyana/article/view/121579


The authors determined morphometric data of different floral features and in vitro pollen germination of six cultivars representing four genera and two subfamilies of Bromeliaceae. Important floral characteristics for plant breeding are pollen germination and style length. Pollen viability was for all cultivars more than 40% and high enough for successful pollination. Stylar length varied much for the different cultivars. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to examine important flower characteristics. The pollen of Aechmea fasciata were biporate, and those of Tillandsia cyanea, Vriesea ☓ vimimalisrex ☓ carinata and V. splendens were monosulcate. Pollen grains of A. chantinii and Guzmania lingulata were inaperturate. The exine layers of all taxa were reticulate in structure with the exception of A. chantinii, which was smooth. Four stigma types were detected: convolute-blade, conduplicate-spiral, simple-erect, and coralliform. Petal appendages of Vriesea were tongue-like and absent in G. lingulata and T. cyanea. Aechmea fasciata and A. chantinii had complex petal appendages. Ovules of all cultivars possessed characteristic chalazal appendages.


Open Access and Copyright Notice


Selbyana is committed to real and immediate open access for academic work. All of Selbyana's articles and reviews are free to access immediately upon publication. There are no author charges (APCs) prior to publication, and no charges for readers to download articles and reviews for their own scholarly use.  To facilitate this, Selbyana depends on the financial backing of the Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, the hard work and dedication of its editorial team and advisory board, and the continuing support of its network of peer reviewers and partner institutions.

Authors are free to choose which open license they would like to use for their work. Our default license is the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0). While Selbyana’s articles can be copied by anyone for noncommercial purposes if proper credit is given, all materials are published under an open-access license with authors retaining full and permanent ownership of their work. The author grants Selbyana a perpetual, non-exclusive right to publish the work and to include it in other aggregations and indexes to achieve broader impact and visibility.

Authors are responsible for and required to ascertain that they are in possession of image rights for any and all photographs, illustrations, and figures included in their work or to obtain publication or reproduction rights from the rights holders. Contents of the journal will be registered with the Directory of Open Access Journals and similar repositories. Authors are encouraged to store their work elsewhere, for instance in institutional repositories or personal websites, including commercial sites such as academia.edu, to increase circulation (see The Effects of Open Access).