How to Cite

Zona, S., & Henderson, A. (1989). A REVIEW OF ANIMAL-MEDIATED SEED DISPERSAL OF PALMS. Selbyana, 11, 6–21. Retrieved from https://ojs.test.flvc.org/selbyana/article/view/120829


Zoochory is a common mode ofdispersal in the Arecaceae (palmae), although little is known about how dispersal has influenced the distributions ofmost palms. A survey ofthe literature reveals that many kinds ofanimals feed on palm fruits and disperse palm seeds. These animals include birds, bats, non-flying mammals, reptiles, insects, and fish. Many morphological features ofpalm infructescences and fruits (e.g., size, accessibility, bony endocarp) have an influence on the animals which exploit palms, although the nature ofthis influence is poorly understood. Both obligate and opportunistic frugivores are capable ofdispersing seeds. There is little evidence for obligate plant-animaI mutualisms in palm seed dispersal ecology.


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