How to Cite

Gardner, C. (1986). PRELIMINARY CLASSIFICATION OF TILLANDSIA BASED ON FLORAL CHARACTERS. Selbyana, 9(1), 130–146. Retrieved from


Previous classifications within subfam. Tillandsioideae Harms (Bromeliaceae) are based primarily on characters determined from dried specimens. Floral characters are seldom well preserved in dried material and no associated suites ofcharacters delimiting groups have been described. Some genera and subgenera are currently distinguished by single "key characters." Taxonomically useful suites offloral traits ascertainable only from fresh or spirit-preserved flowers of 91 species of Tillandsia L. subgen. Tillandsia are used here to circumscribe five preliminary taxonomic groups. Sixteen species of subgen. Allardtia (A. Dietrich) Baker were also examined, and 13 were assigned to three ofthese groups.


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