Pathological Relationship of Meloidogyne hapla and Phytophthora megasperma F. Sp. Medicaginis in Twelve Medicago sativa L. Cultivars


  • G. D. Griffin
  • F. A. Gray


Alfalfa, Cultivars, Medicago sativa, Nematode Reproduction, Phytophthora Root Rot, Shoot Weight, Resistance, Root-Knot Nematode, Susceptibility


Effect of prior inoculation with Meloidogyne hapla on the performance of 12 cultivars of alfalfa (Medicago sativa) with varying resistance to M. hapla was studied under greenhouse conditions. Inoculation with the fungus alone caused plant mortality in the fungus-susceptible cultivar Deseret but not in susceptible Vernal. None of the P. megasperma f. sp. medicaginis-resistant cultivars died from Phytophthora root rot (PRR). Inoculation with M. hapla alone resulted in mortality in nine of 12 cultivars. Combined inoculation of the two pathogens increased mortality in 10 of the 12 cultivars; only Nevada Synthetic XX (Nev Syn XX) germplasm and Chief with dual resistance were unaffected by the addition of the nematode. Inoculation with the fungus alone suppressed the dry shoot weight in four cultivars, including Vernal and Deseret, both susceptible to P. megasperma f. sp. medicaginis. Meloidogyne hapla reduced dry shoot weights and reproduced on roots of all entries except Nev Syn XX. Melo