Bibliography on <I>Hydrellia griseola</I> Fallen (Diptera: Ephydridae) and review of its biology and pest status


  • Louis S. Hesler


A bibliography is presented on Hydrellia griseola (Fallen), a cosmopolitan species of shore fly that is an agricultural pest throughout much of its range. The literature review includes 195 references and spans 180 years: from 1813, when H. griseola was first described (as Notophila griseola), to 1993. My review updates and extends by 110 years a previous review of this species. The host plant associations, bionomics, distribution, pest status, and control of this species are reviewed. The known host plants of larval H. griseola are listed. My survey ofthe literature supports the hypothesis that H. griseola is increasing its range as a pest of rice. H. griseola can be controlled by cultural or chemical methods, but due to agronomic and environmental constraints on these methods, my review points out the need for more research on and use of the natural enemies of H. griseola.