Relative Damage Functions and Reproductive Potentials of Meloidogyne arenaria and M. hapla on Peanut
AbstractThe reproductive potential and damage functions for Meloidogyne hapla and M. arenaria race 1 on Virginia-type peanuts (Arachis hypogaea cv. Florigiant) were determined over 2 years in microplot experiments in North Carolina. Peanut yield suppression and damage to pods as a result of galling were greatest in response to M. arenaria (P = 0.01). Damage functions for the two species were adequately described by the quadratic models: yield (g/plot) = 398 - 17.1 (log[sub1][sub0][Pi + 1]) - 17.0(log[sub1][sub0][Pi + 1])²; (R² = 0.83, P = 0.0001) for M. arenaria; and yield = 388 - 10.2(log[sub1][sub0][Pi + 1]) - 7.5(log[sub1][sub0][Pi + 1])², (R² = 0.30, P = 0.0001) for M. hapla. Both species caused galling on pods, but this was more severe in response to M. arenaria. Reproduction of M. arenaria race 1 was greater than M. hapla on peanut, which accounts in part for the more severe pod galling. Peanut was an excellent host for both M. arenaria race 1 and for M. hapla, but reproduction by M. hapla was more variable. Key words: Arachis hypogaea, damage function, Meloidogyne arenaria, Meloidogyne hapla, nematode, peanut, reproductive potential, root-knot nematode.
Copyright and Permissions
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).