Isolation of Fungi from Heterodera glycines and in vitro Bioassays for Their Antagonism to Eggs
Susan L. F. Meyer
Robin N. Huettel
Richard M. Sayre
Twenty fungi were assayed in vitro for antagonism to eggs of Heterodera glycines. Eight of the fungi were isolated from cysts or eggs of H. glycines during the current study, one was isolated from Panagrellus redivivus, and eleven were obtained from other researchers or collections. The bioassays were conducted on eggs from nematodes that had been grown monoxenically on excised root tips. Phoma chrysanthemicola, one strain of Verticillium chlamydosporium, and one strain of V. lecanii caused a decrease (P 0.01, P 0.05, P 0.05, respectively) in the number of viable eggs, although no hyphae were observed colonizing live eggs. Trichoderma polysporum infected live eggs but enhanced (P 0.05) egg survival. Acremonium bacillisporum, Chaetomium sp., Drechmeria coniospora (two strains), Epicoccum sp., Exophiala jeanselmei, Fusarium sp., Neocosmospora vasinfecta, Scytalidium fulvum, Trichoderma harzianum (two strains), V. chlamydosporium (one strain), V. lecanii (three strains), and an unidentified fungus did not measurably affect egg viability, even though hyphae of five of these fungi were seen in live eggs. The bioassay provides a useful step in the selection of a biological control agent for this major nematode pest. Key words: biological control, fungus-nematode interaction, Heterodera glycines, antagonist bioassay, soybean cyst nematode, Acremonium bacillisporum, Chaetomium sp., Drechmeria coniospora, Epicoccum sp., Exophiala jeanselmei, Fusarium sp., Neocosmospora vasinfecta, Phoma chrysanthemicola, Scytalidium fulvum, Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma polysporum, Verticillium chlamydosporium, Verticillium lecanii.
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