Host Range and Ecology of Isolates of Pasteuria spp. from the Southeastern United States
AbstractIsolates of Pasteuria penetrans were evaluated for ecological characteristics that are important in determining their potential as biological control agents. Isolate P-20 survived without loss of its ability to attach to its host nematode in dry, moist, and wet soil and in soil wetted and dried repeatedly for 6 weeks. Some spores moved 6.4 cm (the maximum distance tested) downward in soil within 3 days with percolating water. The isolates varied greatly in their attachment to different nematode species and genera. Of five isolates tested in spore-infested soil, three (P-104, P-122, B-3) attached to two or more nematode species, whereas B-8 attached only to Meloidogyne hapla and B-I did not attach to any of the nematodes tested. In water suspensions, spores of isolate P-20 attached readily to M. arenaria but only a few spores attached to other Meloidogyne spp. Isolate P-104 attached to all Meloidogyne spp. tested but not to Pratylenchus scribneri. Isolate B-4 attached to all species of Meloidogyne and Pratylenchus tested, but the rate of attachment was relatively low. Isolate P-Z00 attached in high numbers to M. arenaria when spores were extracted from females of this nematode; when extracted from M. javanica females, fewer spores attached to M. arenaria than to M. javanica or M. incognita. Key words: bacterium, bioassay, biological control, host range, lesion nematode, Meloidogyne arenaria, M. incognita, M. javanica, PasWuria penetrans, Pasteuria sp., Pratylenchus brachyurus, P. scribneri, root-knot nematode, survival.
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