Extraction of Cyst Nematodes from Organic Soils


  • J. A. LaMondia
  • B. B. Brodie


The effects of extraction technique, sample size, soil moisture level, and overflow rate on recovery of Globodera rostochiensis and (or) Heterodera schachtii cysts from organic soils were investigated. A modified Fenwick can (MFC) and an underflow elutriator (UE) described in this paper were evaluated and compared for cyst recovery efficiency and amount of organic flotsam collected. The MFC and UE extracted similar numbers of cysts, but the UE collected 50% less flotsam than the MFC. Sample size was negatively correlated with cyst recovery and positively correlated with amount of flotsam. The amount of flotsam recovered with the MFC was correlated with overflow speed. Presoaking air dried samples for 30 minutes halved the amount of flotsam without affecting cyst recovery. Extracting cysts from wet soil without prior drying resulted in negligible recovery with both extraction techniques. There were no significant differences in cyst recovery of the two genera tested. Key words: elutriation, extraction, Globodera rostochiensis, potato cyst nematode, Heterodera schachtii, sugarbeet cyst nematode.