Evaluation of Cultivars, Experimental Lines and Plant Introduction Collection of Sainfoin for Resistance to Meloidogyne hapla Chitwood


  • D. S. Wofford
  • F. A. Gray


Stands of several cultivars and experimental lines of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) were severely reduced (92% average loss) in a field naturally infested with Meloidogyne hapla. Stands of two alfalfa cultivars included in the test were unaffected. In studies conducted in the greenhouse with plants inoculated at the time of seeding, average mortality was 55% for sainfoin entries and 7% for Ladak alfalfa. Little mortality occurred when plants were inoculated after establishment. Three months after inoculation, all sainfoin entries were heavily galled (range of 3.3-3.7 on a scale of 1-4) while roots of Ladak were only slightly galled (rating of 1.6). Intermating of plants selected in the field plots for resistance to M. hapla showed a slight increase in resistance. Of the 147 plant introduction lines tested in the greenhouse, none were resistant to M. hapla. Key words: Onobrychis viciifolia Scop., northern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne hapla, sainfoin, resistance.