Relationship Between Morphology and Parasitism in Two Populations of Meloidogyne incognita
AbstractThe reliability of morphological characters and host differential plants for distinguishing between two populations of Meloidogyne incognita was studied. Population A (originally from North Carolina) had incognita-type perineal patterns. A single egg mass subpopulation of population A had a mixture of incognita and acrita perineal patterns with 33% of the patterns atypical for either species. Population B (from Georgia) had predominantly acrita-type patterns with only about 5% atypical patterns. The head shapes of males from both populations were mainly M. incognita. On the basis of stylet length, both populations conformed to M. incognita acrita. Both populations were identified as M. incognita race 1 by reaction on the North Carolina differential hosts. Reactions on azalea and pepper gave no clear identification of the populations. We concluded that there is no relation between perineal pattern, male head shape, and parasitism of host differentials with the two populations studied. Key words: Meloidogyne incognita, races, morphology, taxonomy, parasitism.
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