Cytogenetic Status of Meloidogyne (Hypsoperine) spartinae in Relation to Other Meloidogyne Species


  • A. C. Triantaphyllou


Four populations of Meloidogyne spartinae from the coast of North and South Carolina were identical cytogenetically. Fourteen rod-shaped chromosomes were present in oogonia and spermatogonia, whereas seven bivalents were observed in oocytes and spermatocytes. There were no distinguishable sex chromosomes. Chromosome behavior was similar to that of other Meloidogyne species. A slight deviation in morphology of prometaphase bivalents was attributed to an increase in frequency of chiasmata that may be associated with the obligatorily amphimictic reproduction of this nematode. The anatomy of the oviduct-spermatotheca region and most cytogenetic features studied suggested that M. spartinae can be regarded as a root-knot nematode. Its position in the genus Meloidogyne or Hypsoperine can be decided by taxonomists. Its small chromosome number (n = 7) compared to the larger number (n = 13-19) of other Meloidogyne species suggests that, cytologically, M. spartinae stands closer to the ancestral form from which the prescent day root-knot nematodes have evolved. Key words: oogenesis, spermatogenesis, taxonomy, cytotaxonomy, chromosomes, reproduction, Meloidogyne spartinae.