Root Growth of Susceptible and Resistant Potato Cultivars and Population Dynamics of Globodera rostochiensis in the Field
AbstractGlobodera rostochiensis population densities and potato root growth were measured in field plots of one susceptible and two resistant potato cultivars. Root growth and nematode densities were estimated from soil samples taken at three depths between plants within the rows, three depths 22.5 cm from the rows, and at two depths midway between rows (furrows). Four weeks after plant emergence (AE), nematode densities in the rows had declined 68% in plots of the susceptible cultivar and up to 75% in plots of both resistant cultivars. Significant decline in nematode densities in the furrows 4 weeks AE occurred only in plots of the susceptible cultivar. Total decline in nematode density in fallow soil was 50%, whereas in plots of the resistant cultivars, decline was more than 70% in the rows and more than 50% in the furrows. Nematode densities increased in the rows of the susceptible cultivar but declined in the furrows. We conclude that G. rostochiensis decline or increase is correlated with host resistance and the amount of roots present at any particular site. Key words: potato root growth, population decline, Globodera rostochiensis, root diffusate, Solanum tuberogum.
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