Nematode Control Related to Fusarium Wilt in Soybean and Root Rot and Zinc Deficiency in Corn


  • N. A. Minton
  • M. B. Parker
  • D. R. Sumner


Nematode and disease problems of irrigated, double-cropped soybean and corn, and zinc deficiency of corn were investigated. Ethylene dibromide, phenamiphos, and aldicarb were equally effective for controlling nematodes and increasing yields of corn planted minimum-till and soybean planted in a moldboard plow prepared seedbed. The residual effects on yields of nematicides applied to the preceeding crop occurred during 3 years for soybean and 1 year for corn. Fusarium wilt symptoms of soybean that developed during 2 years of the study were less severe in all nematicide-treated plots than in control plots. Typical zinc deficiency symptoms on 30-day-old corn plants were observed during 1 year of the study in certain plots. Symptoms were not evident on plants grown on plots treated with ethylene dibromide, and only occasional plants had symptoms on plots treated with phenamiphos and aldicarb. The amount of yield response directly related to nematode control could not be determined because of the apparent interaction of nematodes on the expression of Fusarium wilt of soybean. Our study strongly indicates that the expression of Fusarium wilt of soybean and zinc deficiency in corn are influenced by nematodes and that nematicides will reduce their severity. Key words: Glycine max, Zea mays, Meloidogyne incognita, Paratrichodorus christiei, Belonolaimus longicaudatus, Pratylenchus brachyurus, Rhizoctonia solani, Fusarium oxysporum, double-cropped, minimum-tilled, irrigation, nematicides, ethylene dibromide, phenamiphos, aldicarb.