Management of Lesion Nematodes and Potato Early Dying with Rotation Crops
Keywords:Avena sativa, Avena strigosa, black-eyed Susan, Brassica napus, green manure, marigold, management, Pratylenchus penetrans, rapeseed, rotation, Rudbeckia hirta, Solanum tuberosum, Sorghum bicolor x S. sudanense, sorghum-sudangrass, Tagetes erecta x T. patula, Verticillium dahliae, wilt.
AbstractSoil-incorporated rotation/green manure crops were evaluated for management of potato early dying caused by Verticillium dahliae and Pratylenchus penetrans. After two years of rotation/green manure and a subsequent potato crop, P. penetrans numbers were less after `Saia' oat/'Polynema' marigold, `Triple S' sorghum-sudangrass, or `Garry' oat than `Superior' potato or `Humus' rapeseed. The area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC) for early dying was lowest after Saia oat/marigold, and tuber yields were greater than continuous potato after all crops except sorghum-sudangrass. Saia oat/marigold crops resulted in the greatest tuber yields. After one year of rotation/green manure, a marigold crop increased tuber yields and reduced AUDPC and P. penetrans. In the second potato crop after a single year of rotation, plots previously planted to marigolds had reduced P. penetrans densities and AUDPC and increased tuber yield. Rapeseed supported more P. penetrans than potato, but had greater yields. After two years of rotation/green manure crops and a subsequent potato crop, continuous potato had the highest AUDPC and lowest tuber weight. Rotation with Saia oats (2 yr) and Rudbeckia hirta (1 yr) reduced P. penetrans and increased tuber yields. AUDPC was lowest after R. hirta. Two years of sorghum-sudangrass did not affect P. penetrans, tuber yield or AUDPC. These results demonstrate that P. penetrans may be reduced by one or two years of rotation to non-host or antagonistic plants such as Saia oat, Polynema marigold, or R. hirta and that nematode control may reduce the severity of potato early dying.
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