Infective juveniles of four Heterorhabditis isolates (H. bacteriophora HI, H. megidis UK211 and HF85, and H. downesi M245) were stored in moist (pF 1.7) and dry (pF 3.3) loam soil at 20ºC for up to 141 days. Survival, assessed by the number of nematodes extracted by centrifugal flotation, declined over time, reaching fewer than 18% alive by day 141 for all but one treatment (H. bacteriophora HI in dry soil). The infectivity of nematodes in soil for Tenebrio molitor also declined over time, roughly in accordance with the decline in numbers of nematodes. Energy reserves of extracted nematodes were assessed by image analysis densitometry. There were differences among isolates both in survival and in the depletion of reserves, and there was a significant correlation between these two parameters, suggesting that the extent to which energy reserves are depleted affects survival or that a common factor influences both. However, significant nematode mortality occurred while levels of reserves remained high, and the maximum reduction in utilizable body content for any treatment was 51%, well above starvation level. Therefore, the decline in numbers of living nematodes and the reduced nematode infectivity in soil cannot directly result from starvation of the nematodes. Survival and infectivity declined more rapidly in moist than in dry soil; one isolate, H. downesi M245, was less affected by soil moisture content than the other three isolates.
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).