Colonization of Soybean Cyst Nematode Females, Cysts, and Gelatinous Matrices by the Fungus Verticillium lecanii


  • S. L. F. Meyer
  • W. P. Wergin


Heterodera glycines was grown in monoxenic culture on soybean roots and then inoculated with the antagonistic fungus Verticillium lecanii. Use of root explant cultures allowed evaluation of the fungus-nematode interaction with the nematode attached to roots or removed from the host, and avoided contamination with other fungi. From 16 hours to 14 days following inoculation, female and cyst samples were examined with the light microscope, or prepared for either conventional or low-temperature scanning electron microscopy. Within 16 hours, hyphae had begun colonizing the gelatinous matrices (GM). The fungus proliferated in the GM of some specimens within a week, but was rarely seen in unhatched eggs. Fungus penetration holes in female and cyst walls were observed 3 days after inoculation; penetration through nematode orifices was not seen at that time. More cysts than females were colonized at the earliest sampling dates. Specimens associated with external hyphae exhibited variable internal colonization, ranging from no fungal penetration to extensive mycelial growth. Key words: biocontrol, colonization, fungus, Heterodera glycines, light microscopy, nematode, scanning electron microscopy, soybean, Verticillium lecanii.