Relationship between Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis as Influenced by Soybean Genotype


  • S. R. Stetina
  • E. C. McGawley
  • J. S. Russin


The effect of soybean genotype on competition between Meloidogyne incognita race 2 (Mi) and Rotylenchulus reniformis (Rr) was evaluated in greenhouse and microplot replacement series experiments. Soil in pots containing seedlings of 'Davis' (susceptible to Mi) or 'Buckshot 66' (resistant to Mi) was infested with 1,000 vermiform individuals in the following Mi:Rr ratios: 0:0, 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75, or 0:100. After 91 days, the relative nematode yields (number of nematodes in mixed culture divided by the number in nonmixed culture) of each species were calculated based on soil and root nematode populations expressed as nematodes per gram of dry root tissue. To define the relationship between the two species, calculated relative nematode yields were compared with a theoretical noncompetition model using lack-of-fit regression. In the greenhouse, Mi populations on 'Davis' were stimulated in the presence of Rr. In microplots, low Mi and Rr population densities likely resulted from severe galling and destruction of feeder roots that probably occurred early in the season. Enhanced susceptibility to Mi was not observed on 'Buckshot 66', which remained resistant to Mi even when colonized by Rr. Host resistance is a key factor in determining the nature of the relationship between Mi and Rr. Key words: competition, concomitant populations, Glycine max, Meloidogyne incognita, nematode, reniform nematode, replacement series, root-knot nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis, soybean.