Tolerance to Rotylenchulus reniformis and Resistance to Meloidogyne incognita Race 3 in High-Yielding Breeding Lines of Upland Cotton


  • C. G. Cook
  • A. F. Robinson
  • L. N. Namken


Field experiments in 1992 and 1994 were conducted to determine the effect of Rotylenchulus reniformis, reniform nematode, on lint yield and fiber quality of 10 experimental breeding lines of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) in untreated plots or plots fumigated with 1,3-dichloropropene. Controls were La. RN 1032, a germplasm line possessing some resistance to R. reniformis, and Stoneville 453, a cultivar that is susceptible to reniform nematode. Several breeding lines produced greater lint yields than Stoneville 453 or La. RN 1032 in both fumigated and untreated plots. Average lint yield suppression due to R. reniformis for six of the 10 breeding lines was less than half of the 52% yield reduction sustained by Stoneville 453. In growth chamber experiments, R. reniformis multiplication factors for La. RN 1032 and breeding lines N222-1-91, N320-2-91, and N419-1-91 were significantly lower than on Deltapine 16 and Stoneville 453 at 6 weeks after inoculation. R. reniformis populations increased by more than 50-fold on all entries within 10 weeks. In growth chambers, the breeding lines N220-1-92, N222-1-91, and N320-2-91 were resistant to Meloidoglyne incognita race 3; multiplication factors were =1.0 at both 6 weeks and 10 weeks after inoculation compared with 25.8 and 26.5 for Deltapine 16 at 6 and 10 weeks after inoculation, respectively, and 9.1 and 2.6 for Stoneville 453. Thus, the results indicate that significant advances have been made in developing improved cotton germplasm lines with the potential to produce higher yields in soils infested with R. reniformis or M. incogaita. In addition to good yield potential, germplasm lines N222-1-91 and N320-2-91 appear to possess low levels of resistance to R. reniformis and a high level of resistance to M. incognita. This germplasm combines high yield potential with significant levels of resistance to both R. reniformis and M. incognita. Key words: cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, Meloidogyne incognita, reniform nematode, resistance, root-knot nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis, tolerance.