Distribution of Races of Heterodera glycines in the Central United States


  • D. G. Kim
  • R. D. Riggs
  • R. T. Robbins
  • L. Rakes


A total of 62 populations of Heteroderaglycineswere collected in 10 states along the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, and 206 populations were collected in Arkansas. Among the 62 populations, races 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, and 14 were found south of 37ºN latitude, and races 1 and 3 were found north of 37ºN latitude. In Arkansas samples, races 2, 4, 5, 6, 9, and 14 comprised 87% of the populations. In both groups of samples, H. glycines populations with genes that enabled the population to parasitize cv. Pickett occurred the most frequently, followed by those with genes for parasitism of cv. Peking, then PI88.788, and the fewest with genes for parasitism of PI90.763. The diversity of races in this study raises questions about the effectiveness of race-specific cultivars for the management of soybean cyst nematodes. The greater diversity of races of H. glycines in the southern United States may be because of a longer history of planting resistant cultivars. Key words: breeding, geographic distribution, Glycine max, Heterodera glycines, race, resistance, soybean, soybean cyst nematode.