Effects of Resistance in Phaseolus vulgaris on Development of Meloidogyne Species
AbstractUse of resistant Phaseolus vulgaris germplasm has a potential role in limiting damaging effects of Meloidogyne spp. on bean production. Effects of two genetic resistance systems in common bean germptasm on penetration and development of Meloidogyne spp. were studied under growth room conditions at 22ºC to 25ºC. Nemasnap (gene system 1) and G1805 (gene system 2) were inoculated with second-stage juveniles (J2) of M. incognita race 2 and M. arenaria race 1, respectively; Black Valentine was used as the susceptible control. Up to 7 days after inoculation, there were no differences in numbers of M. incognita J2 penetrating roots of Black Valentine and Nemasnap; subsequently, more nematodes were present in Black Valentine roots (P 0.05). More nematodes reached advanced stages of development in Black Valentine than in Nemasnap roots (P 0.05). Total numbers of M. arenaria were greater in Black Valentine than in G 1805 roots from 14 days after inoculation (P 0.05). Advanced stages of development occurred earlier and in greater numbers in Black Valentine plants than in G1805 plants. In these studies, resistance to M. incognita race 2 and M. arenaria race 1 in bean germplasm, which contain gene system 1 and gene system 2, respectively, was expressed by delayed nematode development rather than by differential penetration compared with susceptible plants. Key words: common bean, development, gene system, Meloidogyne spp., nematode, penetration, Phaseolus vulgaris, resistance, root-knot nematode.
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