Population Development of Heterodera glycines and Soybean Yield in Soybean-maize Rotations Following Introduction into a Noninfested Field


  • G. R. Noel
  • D. I. Edwards


An 11-year field study was initiated in 1979 to monitor population development of Heterodera glycines. Fifty cysts of a race 5 population were introduced into plots in a field with no history of soybean production and that had been in sod for 20 years. Soybean cultivars either susceptible or resistant to H. glycines were grown either in monoculture or rotated with maize in a 2-year rotation. During the first 5 years, resistant cultivars with the Peking source of resistance were planted. After year 5, monocuhure of Peking resistance resulted in 18 cysts/250 cm³ of soil, whereas populations resulting from the continuous cropping of susceptible soybean resulted in 45 cysts/250 cm³. Some plots in all treatments, including control plots, were contaminated at the end of year 5. Crop rotation delayed population development of H. glycines. During years 6 through 11 cv. Fayette (PI88.788 source of resistance) was planted. In year 6 numbers of cysts declined to 1/250 cm³ of soil in the treatment consisting of monocultured Fayette. At the end of year 10, cysts were below the detection level in all treatments in which Fayette was planted. Yield of susceptible soybean in monoculture with or without H. glycines infestation was lower beginning in year 6 when compared to yield of soybean grown in rotation and remained lower throughout the duration of the experiment except for 1987 (year 9). Yields of susceptible and resistant soybean were different each year except for drought years in 1980 and 1988. From 1979 to 1982 differences in yield were due to lower yield potential of resistant cultivars. Except for the drought year, yield of cv. Fayette was greater than susceptible Williams 82 during years 6 through 11. Key words: crop loss, crop rotation, cropping system, resistance, Glycine max, Heterodera glycines, integrated pest management, maize, race, population dynamics, soybean, soybean cyst nematode, Zea mays.