Impact of Planting 'Bell', a Soybean Cultivar Resistant to Heterodera glycines, in Wisconsin


  • A. E. MacGuidwin
  • C. R. Grau
  • E. S. Oplinger


Although the soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines, has been known to exist in Wisconsin for at least 14 years, relatively few growers sample for SCN or use host resistance as a means to manage this nematode. The benefit of planting the SCN-resistant cultivar Bell on a sandy soil in Wisconsin was evaluated in 1992 and 1993. A range of SCN population densities was achieved by planting 11 crops with varying degrees of susceptibility for 1 or 2 years before the evaluation. Averaged over nematode population densities, yield of 'Bell' was 30 to 43% greater than that of the susceptible cultivars, 'Corsoy 79' and 'BSR 101'. Counts of cysts collected the fall preceding soybean were more predictive of yield than counts taken at planting. Yields of all three cultivars were negatively related (P 0.001) to cyst populations. Fewer (P 0.01) eggs were produced on 'Bell' than on the susceptible cultivars. The annual (fall to fall) change in cyst population densities was dependent on initial nematode density for all cultivars in 1992 and for the susceptible cultivars in 1993. Yield reductions induced by the SCN under the conditions of this study indicate that planting a SCN-resistant cultivar in Wisconsin can be beneficial if any cysts are detected. Key words: crop loss estimate, Glycine max, Heterodera glycines, resistance, soybean, soybean cyst nematode.