First Report of Pasteuria sp. Attacking Heterodera glycines in North America
AbstractEndospores of a Pasteuria sp. were observed on Heterodera glycines second-stage juveniles and males recovered from soil in microplots in which nematode populations had been declining for several years. Conventional scanning electron microscopy was used to observe and measure endospores on second-stage juveniles (J2) of both a race 3 and a race 4 population. Endospores were elipsoidal; those attached to J2 of race 3 measured ([Xbar]) 4.2 × 3.7 [mu]m with a height of 2.0 [mu]m, and those on race 4 were 4.3 × 3.7 [mu]m with a height of 2.3 [mu]m. Measurements taken under light microscopy indicated that endospores attached to J2 of race 3 were 5.0 × 4.8 [mu]m with a height of 2.2 [mu]m. The velutinous exosporium of the H. glycines-infecting P. nishizawae from Japan was not visible in the Illinois isolate. Differences in endospore morphology and the apparent inability of the Illinois isolate to complete its life cycle in females indicate that the Japanese and Illinois isolates are distinct species of Pasteuria. Key words: biological control, Heterodera glycines, nematode, Pasteuria sp., soybean cyst nematode.
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