Influence of Rhizoctonia solanti on Egg Hatching and Infectivity of Rotylenchulus reniformis


  • A. Sankaralingam
  • E. C. McGawley


The effects of culture filtrates of Rhizoctonia solani and root exudates of R. solani-infected cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) seedlings on hatching of eggs and infectivity of females of Rotylenchulus reniformis were evaluated in an attempt to account for the enhanced nematode reproduction observed in the presence of this fungus. Crude filtrates of R. solani cultures growing over sterile, deionized distilled water did not affect egg hatching. Exudates from roots of cotton seedlings increased hatching of R. reniformis eggs over that observed in water controls. Exudates from cotton seedling roots not infected or infected with R. solani did not differ in their effect on egg hatching. However, infection of cotton seedlings by reniform females was increased in the presence of R. solani, resulting in the augmented egg production and juvenile population densities in soil observed in greenhouse studies. Key words: cotton, culture filtrate, egg hatching, Gossypium hirsutum, infectivity, nematode, reniform nematode, Rhizoctonia solani, root exudate, Rotylenchulus reniformis.