Interrelationships of Rotylenchulus reniformis with Rhizoctonia solani on Cotton
AbstractThe interrelationships between reniform nematode (Rotylenchulus reniformis) and the cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) seedling blight fungus (Rhizoctonia solani) were studied using three isolates of R. solani, two populations of R. reniformis at multiple inoculum levels, and the cotton cultivars Dehapine 90 (DP 90) and Dehapine 41 (DP 41). Colonization of cotton hypocotyl tissue by R. solani resulted in increases (P = 0.05) in nematode population densities in soil and in eggs recovered from the root systems in both 40- and 90-day-duration experiments. Increases in soil population densities resulted mainly from increases in juveniles. Enhanced reproduction of R. reniformis in the presence of R. solani was consistent across isolates (1, 2, and 3) of R. solani and populations (1 and 2) and inoculum levels (0.5, 2, 4, and 8 individuals/g of soil) of R. reniformis, regardless of cotton cultivar (DP 90 or DP 41). Severity of seedling blight was not influenced by the nematode. Rhizoctonia solani caused reductions (P = 0.05) in cotton growth in 40- and 90-day periods. Rotylenchulua reniformis reduced cotton growth at 90 days. The relationship between nematode inoculum levels and plant growth reductions was linear. At 90 days, the combined effects of these pathogens were antagonistic to plant growth. Key words: cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, interrelationships, interaction, nematode, reniform nematode, Rhizoctonia solani, Rotylenchulus reniformis, seedling blight.
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