Comparison of Two Steinernematid Species for Control of the Root Weevil Diaprepes abbreviatus


  • W. J. Schroeder


Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser All strain was compared to Steinernema riobravis Cabanillas, Poinar, and Raulston for control of the root weevil, Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.), in the laboratory and in potted citrus. In the laboratory bioassay, D. abbreviatus larvae were exposed to 30, 60, and 120 nematodes/cm³ in sand. Insect mortality 1 week after application was greater (P = 0.05) for S. riobravis than for S. carpocapsae in the laboratory bioassay. In the greenhouse bioassay, D. abbreviatus larvae were exposed to 3 and 9 nematodes per cm³ of soil in potted citrus. Again, at each rate, mortality was greater (P = 0.05) in pots treated with S. riobravis than in pots treated with S. carpocapsae. The results of this study suggest that S. riobravis is a better biological control agent against D. abbreviatus larvae in potted plants than S. carpocapsae. Key words: biological control, citrus, Diaprepes abbreviatus, entomopathogenic nematode, nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae, Steinernema riobravis, Steinernematidae.