Interactions between Heterodera avenae and Pratylenchus neglectus on Wheat


  • F. Lasserre
  • R. Rivoal
  • R. Cook


In a long-term field experiment, differential population densities of Heterodera avenae were produced by frequent cropping with resistant (cv. Panema) or susceptible (cv. Peniarth) oat. The two oat cultivars were equally good hosts of Pratylenchus neglectus in a glass house experiment with field soil. On wheat crops grown after oats in field experiments, P. neglectus population densities in roots were higher in plots where H. avenae had been controlled than in plots with moderate infestations (40 H. avenae eggs/g soil). The field observations indicated that the reduction in population densities of P. neglectus coincided with the development in roots of sedentary stages of the cyst nematode. Evidence for an indirect effect of H. avenae on P. neglectus was found in vitro in a split-root experiment. In the same field, grain yields of two wheat cultivars susceptible or resistant to H. avenae, but both susceptible to P. neglect,us, was not reduced by P. neglectus. Alternation of H. avenae resistant and susceptible cultivars is a possible way of exploiting the inverse relationship between these nematodes, whilst controlling cyst nematode -populations in intensive cereal production systems. Key words: Avena sativa, Heterodera avenae, integrated management, interspecific interaction, long-term experiment, nematode, pathogenicity, population dynamics, Pratylenchus neglectus, resistance, split-root, Triticum aestivum.