Penetration and Development of Meloidogyne incognita in Roots of Resistant and Susceptible Corn Genotypes


  • G. L. Windham
  • W. P. Williams


Rates of penetration and development ofMeloidogyne incognita race 4 in roots of resistant (inbred Mp307, and S4 lines derived from the open-pollinated varieties Tebeau and Old Raccoon) and susceptible (Pioneer 3110) corn genotypes were determined. Seedlings grown in styrofoam containers were inoculated with 5,000 eggs of M. incognita. Roots were harvested at 3-day intervals starting at 3 days after inoculation (DAI) to 27 DAI and stained with acid fuchsin. Penetration of roots by second-stage juveniles (J2) at 3 DAI was similar for the four corn genotypes. Meloidogyne incognita numbers in Tebeau, Old Raccoon, Mp307, and Pioneer 3110 peaked at 12, 12, 15, and 27 DAI, respectively. Nematode development in the resistant genotypes was greatly suppressed compared to Pioneer 3110. Resistance to M. incognita in these genotypes appears to be expressed primarily as slower nematode development rather than differences in J2 penetration. Key words: corn, Meloidogyne incognita, nematode development, resistance, root penetration, southern root-knot nematode, Zea mays.