Influence of Temperature and Host Plant on the Interaction Between Pratylenchus neglectus and Meloidogyne chitwoodi
AbstractThe interaction between Pratylenchus neglectus (Pn) and Meloidogyne chitwoodi (Mc) was investigated at soil temperatures of 15, 20, and 25 C on barley and potato. Maximum numbers of Pn and Mc penetrated barley roots at 20 C, whereas a minimum number penetrated at 15 C. Pratylenchus neglectus restricted root penetration by Mc over time and vice-versa. Population densities of each species increased with increasing temperature. Concomitant inoculation of the two species resulted in lower numbers of Pn at 15 and 25 C in both barley and potato, whereas the numbers of Mc were lower at 15 C in barley and at 25 C in potato. Root weights of potato and barley at 15 and 20 C, respectively, were lowered by the presence of both nematodes singly or concomitantly. At 25 C, barley plants inoculated with Mc alone had lower shoot weight than uninoculated controls, but the damage was restricted when Pn also was present. The two species interact competitively, and the outcome varies with soil temperature and host plant. Pn has the potential to suppress Mc population levels and reduce the damage it causes to potato and barley. Key words: barley, competition, Hordeum vulgare, interaction, Meloidogyne chitwoodi, nematode, penetration, population change, potato, Pratylenchus neglectus, Solarium tuberosum, temperature.
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