Role of Catecholamines in the Reproduction of Romanomermis culinvorax


  • Ganpat B. Jagdale
  • Roger Gordon


The relative concentrations of catecholamine in the nervous system of the entomophilic nematode Romanomermis culicivorax were measured under different experimental conditions by a glyoxylic acid-induced fluorescence procedure. A greater concentration of catecholamine was recorded in the nervous system of adult males and females than in postparasitic juveniles. A higher concentration of catecholamine occurred in adults maintained in physical contact with the opposite sex than in those maintained in isolation. Adult males maintained with females in the same aqueous medium but physically separated by a barrier displayed a greater concentration of catecholamine in their nervous systems than did males maintained in isolation, but the catecholamine fluorescence intensity of such males was less than in males allowed physical contact with females. In adult males, the fluorescence intensity of catecholamine declined progressively during and after copulation. In adult females, the intensity of catecholamine remained constant before, during, and after copulation. Catecholamine(s) may play a role in regulating copulatory behavior, egg production, or oviposition. Key words: catecholamine, fluorescence, glyoxylic acid, nematode, nervous system, reproduction, Romanomermis culicivorax.