Morphological Comparison of Seven Hypotriploid Populations of Meloidogyne arenaria with the Typical Triploid Populations


  • Abdallah Rammah
  • Hedwig Hirschmann


A morphological comparison of seven hypotriploid populations of Meloidogyne arenaria was made to clarify their taxonomic status, using light and scanning electron microscopy. All populations differed from each other and from the typical triploid M. arenaria by certain features. Differences were not regarded as sufficient to justify recognition of the variants as distinct species. Morphological divergence of populations from the typical M. arenaria was gradual. The most useful characters were stylet and head morphology of males and stylet morphology of females. Perineal patterns and cephalic, stylet, and tail morphologies of second-stage juveniles were of little taxonomic value. Host races 1 and 2 could not be distinguished morphologically. Populations E445 and E551 with the atypical esterase phenotypes M3-F1 and S1-M1, respectively, were morphologically more similar to the typical M. arenaria than populations E255 and E467, which have the most common A2 esterase phenotype of M. arenaria. Key words: biochemistry, cytology, host race, hypotriploid, light microscopy, Meloidogyne arenaria, morphology, nematode, root-knot nematode, scanning electron microscopy, taxonomy, triploid, variation.