Routine Cryopreservation of Isolates of Steinernema and Heterorhabditis spp.
AbstractInfective-stage juveniles of Steinernema and Heterorhabditis spp. were cryopreserved using two-stage incubation in glycerol and 70% methanol before storage in cryotubes in liquid nitrogen. Optimal glycerol concentrations and incubation times for survival were determined for different species, but acceptable survival of all species and isolates of entomopathogenic nematodes can be obtained using 15% (w/w) glycerol and incubation for 48 hours. Mean survival was 69% for isolates of Steinernema and 68% for isolates of Heterorhabditis (n = 84). The maximum survival recorded was 97% for S. feltiae K254 stored in liquid nitrogen for 12 months. Key words: cryopreservation, Heterorhabditis, nematode, Steinerneraa.
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