Stage-specific Differences in Lectin Binding to the Surface of Anguina tritici and Meloidogyne incognita


  • Yitzhak Spiegel and Michael A. McClure


The occurrence and distribution of several lectin binding sites on the outer surfaces of eggs, preparasitic second-stage juveniles (J2), parasitic second-stage juveniles (PJ2), females, and males of two tylenchid nematodes, Anguina tritici and Meloidogyne incognita race 3, were compared. In both species, a greater variety of lectins bound to the eggs than to other life stages; lectin binding to eggs was also more intense than it was to other life stages. Species-specific differences also occurred. More lectins bound to the amphids or amphidial secretions of M. incognita J2 than to the amphids or amphidial secretions of A. tritici J2. Lectins also bound to the amphids or amphidial secretions of adult male and female A. tritici, but binding to the cuticle occurred only at the head and tail and was not consistent in all specimens. Canavalia ensiformis and Ulex europaeus lectins bound specifically to the outer cuticle of M. incognita. Several other lectins bound nonspecifically. Oxidation of the cuticle with periodate under mild conditions, as well as pretreatment of the nematodes with lipase, markedly increased the binding of lectins to the cuticle of A. tritici J2 but not, in most cases, to M. incognita J2 or eggs of either species. Key words: Anguina tritici, carbohydrate, cuticle, glycocalyx, lectin, lipase, Meloidogyne incognita, nematode, periodate.