Penetration of Susceptible and Resistant Tobacco Cultivars by Meloidogyne Juveniles
AbstractRates of penetration of Meloidogyne incognita, M. arenaria, and M. javanica into tobacco cultivars NC2326 (susceptible to all three species) and K399 (resistant to M. incognita) and a breeding line that had been selected for resistance to M. incognita were compared. Meloidogyne incognita penetrated NC2326 rapidly during the first 24 hours after inoculation. Numbers of M. incognita continued to increase gradually through the 14-day experiment. Higher numbers of M. incognita were observed in the roots of K399 during the first 24 hours than were observed in NC2326. The number of M. incognita in K399 peaked 4 days after inoculation, then declined rapidly as the nematodes that were unable to establish a feeding site left the root or died. Numbers of M. incognita in the breeding line followed the same pattern as with K399, but in lower numbers. Numbers of M. arenaria showed little difference between cultivars until 7 days after inoculation, then numbers increased in NC2326. Numbers of M. javanica fluctuated in all cultivars, resulting in patterns of root population different from those observed for M. incognita or M. arenaria. Resistance to M. incognita appears to be expressed primarily as an inability to establish a feeding site rather than as a barrier to penetration. Some resistance to M. arenaria may also be present in K399 and the breeding line. Key words: Meloidogyne arenaria, Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica, model, Nicotiana tabacum, penetration, regression, resistance, tobacco.
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