Modification of Resistance Expression of Phaseolus vulgaris to Meloidogyne incognita by Elevated Soil Temperatures


  • B. A. Mullin, G. S. Abawi, and M. A. Pastor-Corrales


The effect of temperature on the reaction of susceptible (Canario Divex) and resistant (A 211) bean pure lines to Meloidogyne incognita was studied with soil temperature tanks housed in a growth chamber at 22 or 24 C. Soil temperature remained constant at 16, 22, 24, 26, 30, or 32 C in several trials. Bean line A 211 was resistant at 16 and 22 C but was susceptible at 24 C and above. Resistance to root-knot nematode reproduction was affected by a lower temperature (24 C) than was resistance to root galling (26 C) in A 211. Incubation of A 211 at 30 C for 3 and 16 days after inoculation with M. incognita resulted in a significant increase in nematode reproduction and root galling, respectively. The resistant reactions of A 211 to nematode reproduction and root galling were retained when inoculated plants were incubated at 21 C for a minimum of 16 and 23 days, respectively, prior to high temperature treatment. Key words: bean, host resistance, Meloidogyne incognita, Phaseolus vulgaris, reproduction, root galling.