Penetration and Development of Meloidogyne incognita on Roots of Resistant Soybean Genotypes


  • M. Herman
  • R. S. Hussey
  • H. R. Boerma


Meloidogyne incognita penetration and development were studied in roots of highly resistant (PI 96354, PI 417444), resistant (Forrest), and susceptible (Bossier) soybean genotypes. Although more second-stage juveniles (J2) had penetrated roots of PI 96354 and PI 417444 than roots of Forrest and Bossier by 2 days after inoculation, fewer J2 were present in roots of PI 96354 at 4 days after inoculation. Juvenile development in all genotypes was evident by 6 days after inoculation, with the highest number of swollen J2 present in roots of Bossier. At 16 days after inoculation, roots of PI 96354 had 87%, 74%, and 53% fewer J2 than were present in roots of Bossier, Forrest, and PI 417444, respectively. Differential emigration of J2, not fewer invasion sites, was responsible for the low number of nematodes in roots of the highly resistant PI 96354. Some 72% of the J2 penetrating the roots of this genotype emerged within 5 days after inoculation, whereas 4%, 54%, and 83% emerged from roots of Bossier, Forrest, and PI 417444, respectively. Penetration of roots of PI 96354 decreased the ability of J2 emerging from these roots to infect other soybean roots. Key words: emigration, Glycine max, infectivity, Meloidogyne incognita, plant introduction, root penetration, soybean.