Population Development of Pasteuria penetrans on Meloidogyne arenaria


  • M. Oostendorp
  • D. W. Dickson
  • D. J. Mitchell


A microplot study on the influence of cropping sequences with peanut in summer and bare fallowed or cover crops of rye or vetch in winter on the population development of Pasteuria penetrans was initiated in the spring of 1987. The number of spores of P. penetrans attached per second-stage juvenile of Meloidogyne arenaria race 1 increased from 0.11 in the fall of 1987 to 7.6, 8.6, and 3.6 in the fall of 1989 in the rye, vetch, and fallowed plots, respectively. Higher (P = 0.05) levels of P. penetrans occurred in the rye and vetch plots than in fallowed plots. No influence of P. penetrans on peanut, rye, or vetch yield was observed in 1987 and 1988, but in 1989 peanut yield was 64% higher (P = 0.05) in plots infested with P. penetrans than in plots without P. penetrans. Numbers of M. arenaria in plots without P. penetrans were influenced by the cropping sequences in the spring of 1988 and 1989 but not in the fall following the peanut crop. In the spring the plots with rye had the lowest nematode numbers in either year (P = 0.05). Nematode numbers were lower (P = 0.05) in plots with P. penetrans than in plots without P. penetrans in the spring of 1989 (vetch) and the fall of 1989 (rye, vetch, and fallowed). Key words: Arachis hypogeae, biological control, Meloidogyne arenaria, microplot, Pasteuria penetrans, peanut, peanut root-knot nematode, population dynamics.