Evaluation of Soybeans in Maturity Groups I-IV for Resistance to Heterodera glycines


  • Gregory R. Noel
  • E. J. Sikora


Forty-seven private and public soybean (Glycine max) cultivars in maturity groups I, II, III, and IV were evaluated in the field for resistance to Heterodera glycines race 3 and race 4 at two sites, Kilbourne and Urbana, Illinois. The soil at Kilbonrne was an irrigated sand infested with race 3. The soil at Urbana was a nonirrigated silty clay loam infested with race 4. Yield of nematode-susceptible controls was reduced at both locations, and yield differences were observed among the other cultivars. Soybeans grown in sand yielded less than the soybean grown in silty clay loam. Although populations of H. glycines recovered at planting were lower at Kilbourne than at Urbana, a greater percentage of loss in yield was associated with the sand at Kilbourne. Several soybean cultivars had a high level of resistance to both populations of H. glycines. Key words: Glycine max, Heterodera glycines, resistance, soybean, soybean cyst nematode.