Plant-Parasitic Nematodes in Maine Agricultural Soils
AbstractIn a survey of plant-parasitic nematodes associated with agricultural crops in nine Maine counties, 744 soil samples from 26 potential host plants were analyzed between November 1987 and January 1989. The most commonly encountered nematode genus was Pratylenchus, occurring in 85% of the samples from most crops, except blueberries and onions. Pratylenchus penetrans and P. crenatus were found commonly as species mixtures, with P. penetrans composing 40-80% of the mixture. Meloidogyne hapla was encountered in 16% of the samples in four counties, generally in potato rotations. Other nematodes encountered were Aphelenchoides spp., Criconemella curvature, Ditylenchus spp., Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus, H. digonicus, Heterodera trifolii, Paratylenchus projectus, Trichodorus slap., Tylenchorhynchus maximus, and Xiphinema americanum. Potato fields were the most heavily sampled and thus weighted the statewide results. Key words: Aphelenchoides sp., Criconemella curvature, Helicotylenchus digonicus, Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus, Heterodera trifolii, Meloidogyne hapla, survey, Pratylenchus crenatus, Pratylenchus penetrans, Paratylenchus projectus, Trichodorus sp., Tygenchorhynchus maximus, Xiphinema americanum.
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