Effects of Soil Fumigants and Aldicarb on Bacterial Wilt and Root-knot Nematodes in Potato


  • D. P. Weingartner
  • J. R. Shumaker


Preplant soil applications of oxamyl to shade grown tobacco in Globodera tabacum-infested field soil increased green leaf yields over untreated plots by 10.7 and 21.0% for 2.2 and 6.7 kg a.i. oxamyl/ha, respectively. Green leaf yield was negatively correlated (r = -0.60, P = 0.04) with initial G. tabacum density, which ranged from 33 to 154 second-stage juveniles (J2)/cm³ soil. Numbers of G. tabacum J2 and developing juveniles and adults (J3-adults) per gram root were fewer in plants from oxamyl-treated plots than in plants from untreated plots. Numbers of J2 in roots 4, 6, and 8 weeks after transplanting were reduced by 80, 89, and 4%, respectively, and numbers of J3-adults were reduced by 96, 89, and 21%, respectively, in high-rate oxamyl plots, compared with untreated plots. Globodera tabacum reproduction, as measured by the ratio of final to initial soil densities, was less in oxamyl-treated plots than in untreated plots. Key words: chemical control, Globodera tabacum, Nicotiana tabacum, oxamyl, tobacco, tobacco cyst nematode.