Steinernema scapterisci n. sp. (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae)


  • K. B. Nguyen
  • G. C. Smart, Jr.


Steinernema scapterisci n. sp., isolated in Uruguay from the mole cricket Scapteriseus vicinus, can be distinguished from other members in the genus by the presence of prominent cheilorhabdions, an elliptically shaped structure associated with the excretory duct, and a double-flapped epitygma in the first-generation female. The spicules of the male are pointed, tapering smoothly to a small terminus, and the shaft (calomus) is long, bearing a sheath. The gubernaculum has a long, upward-bent anterior part. The ratio of head to excretory pore divided by tail length of the third-stage juvenile is greater for S. scapterisci n. sp. than for S. carpocapsae. Steinernema scapterisci n. sp. did not hybridize with S. carpocapsae strain Breton. In laboratory tests, S. scapterisci n. sp. killed 10% or less of non-orthopteran insects, including the wax moth larva, a universal host for other species of Steinernema. Key words: biological control, entomopathogenic nematode, mole cricket parasite, morphology, new species, Neoaplectana, Scapteriscus, Steinernema scapterisci n. sp., taxonomy, light microscopy (LM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM).