Meloidogyne incognita Survival in Soil Infested with Paecilomyces lilacinus and Verticillium chlamydosporium


  • J. T. Gaspard
  • B. A. Jaffee
  • H. Ferris


Meloidogyne incognita-infected tomato seedlings were transplanted into sterilized soil or unsterilized soil collected from 20 California tomato fields to measure suppression caused by Paecilomyces lilacinus, Verticillium chlamydosporium, and other naturally occurring antagonists. Unsterilized soils Q, A, and H contained 35, 39, and 55% fewer M. incognita second-stage juveniles (J2) than did sterilized soil 1 month after infected tomato seedlings were transplanted to these soils and placed in a greenhouse. Three months after infected seedlings were transplanted to unsterilized or sterilized soil, unsterilized soils K, L, and Q had 97, 62, and 86% fewer J2 than the corresponding sterilized soils. Unsterilized soils of M. incognita-infected seedlings that were maintained 1 month in a greenhouse followed by 1 or 2 months of post-harvest incubation contained J2 numbers equal to, or greater than, numbers in the corresponding sterilized soil. The most suppressive of the unsterilized soils, K and Q, were not infested with V. chlamydosporium. Paecilomyces lilacinus and V. chlamydosporium increased in colony forming units in unsterilized soil of all bioassays, but they were not associated with lower numbers of J2. Key words: bioassay, biological control, Meloidogyne incognita, Paecilomyces lilacinus, Verticillium chlamydosporium.