Use of Chitin for Controlling Heterodera avenae and Tylenchulus semipenetrans
AbstractThe nematicidal effect of chitin, relative to other pesticides, was evaluated against two plant-parasitic nematodes, Heterodera avenae and Tylenchulus semipenetrans. Wheat seedlings, grown in soils artificially or naturally infested with H. avenae, were treated with 0.4% (w/w) ClandoSan (CLA) prepared from crustacean chitin, aldicarb (Temik 15G), or ethylene dibromide (EDB 90EC). The CLA treatment significantly increased wheat straw, ear, and average grain dry weights of nematode-infected plants, compared with the other two treatments. In an experiment covering two consecutive seasons, all three treatments reduced the number of cysts in the soil by 60%. In a one-season experiment, CLA reduced the number of cysts by 51% and aldicarb or EDB reduced cyst number by about 40%. A reduction of 50-90% in T. semipenetrans population densities on roots of two citrus rootstocks was recorded following an application of 0.2% (w/w) CLA to the soil. Key words: cereal cyst nematode, chitin, citrus, citrus nematode, control, Heterodera avenae, Triticum aestivum, Tylenchulus semipenetrans, wheat.
Copyright and Permissions
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).