Influence of Glomus intraradices and Soil Phosphorus on Meloidogyne incognita Infecting Cucumis melo
AbstractThe interaction among Glomus intraradices, Meloidogyne incognita, and cantaloupe was studied at three soil phosphorus (P) levels in a greenhouse. All plants grew poorly in soil not amended with P, regardless of mycorrhizal or nematode status. In soil amended with 50 [mu]g P /g soil, M. incognita suppressed the growth of nonmycorrhizal plants by 84%. In contrast, growth of mycorrhizal plants inoculated with M. incognita was retarded by only 21%. A similar trend occurred in plants grown in soil with 100 [mu]g P /g soil. Mycorrhizal infection had no effect on the degree of root-knot gall formation and did not affect the number of nematode eggs per egg mass. Mineral levels in plant shoots generally declined as soil P levels increased and were not significantly influenced by G. intraradices or M. incognita. Key words: cantaloupe, Cucumis melo, Glomus intraradices, interaction, Meloidogyne incognita, mineral element, mycorrhizae, root-knot nematode, soil phosphorus.
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