Effect of Planting Date, Alachlor, and Fenamiphos on Heterodera glycines Development


  • B. S. Sipes
  • D. P. Schmitt


The effects of alachlor (2.25 kg a.i./ha) and fenamiphos (2.25 kg a.i./ha) on the penetration and development of Heterodera glycines were examined on Glycine max cultivars Deltapine 105 planted 29 April, 29 May, and 29 June 1986 and Deltapine 105 and Centennial planted 15 May, 15 June, and 15 July 1987. Penetration was lowest on the third planting of soybeans and on fenamiphos-treated plants. Development from second-stage juveniles to adult females required 270 (1986) and 260 (1987) DD20/32 on roots from the first planting control and alachlor treatments. Fenamiphos, alone or with alachlor, retarded development in Deltapine 105 (1986) and in Centennial (1987). Males matured in roots from the second planting in 190 (1986) and 180 (1987) DD20/32 regardless of treatment or cultivar. No development occurred in roots from the third planting until 400 DD20/32 in 1986, but in 1987 development was similar to that in roots from the second planting. Nematode development was similar in alachlor-treated and control roots regardless of planting date. Fenamiphos restricted nematode penetration on most planting dates and slowed development. Simultaneous applications of alachlor and fenamiphos usually also inhibited development. Key words: alachlor, development, fenamiphos, Glycine max, Heterodera glycines, pesticide interaction, soybean, soybean cyst nematode.