Development of Heterodera glycines as Affected by Alachlor and Fenamiphos
AbstractA series of greenhouse experiments was conducted to elucidate the postinfection development of Heterodera glycines in response to applications of alachlor and fenamiphos. The rate of H. glycines maturation on a susceptible soybean cultivar was not altered by 1.0 [mu]g alachlor/g soil but was completely inhibited by 1.0 or 1.5 [mu]g fenamiphos/g soil. An alachlor-fenamiphos combination allowed development after an initial 300-degree-day delay. Nematode maturation on the resistant soybean cultivar Centennial with 1.0 [mu]g alachlor/g soil was similar to that observed on an untreated resistant control. Twice as many females matured on Centennial plants growing in alachlor-treated soil as on untreated Centennial plants. Fenamiphos in combination with alachlor (1.0 [mu]g a.i./g soil) allowed development on Centennial at half the rate of the resistant control. This antagonism between alachlor and fenamiphos on development may help to explain late season population resurgence of H. glycines observed with field application of these pesticides. Key words: alachlor, development, fenamiphos, Glycine max, Heterodera glycines, pesticide interaction, soybean, soybean cyst nematode.
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